Substantial discoveries of flint tools in the area provide evidence of human settlements dating to the Stone Age.
After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment.
This included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts.
Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund.
The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.
This makes it the oldest university in Denmark and one of the oldest in Europe.
Originally controlled by the Catholic Church, the university's role in society was forced to change during the Reformation in Denmark in the late 1530s.The name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning "merchants' harbour", often simply Hafn or Havn ("harbour").The Copenhagen Metro launched in 2002 serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train and Lokaltog (private railway) and the Coast Line network serves and connects central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs.To relieve traffic congestion, which is partly the result of increased traffic because of the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link road and rail construction is planned because the narrow 10 mile isthmus between Roskilde Fjord and Køge Bugt (Køge Bay) forms a traffic bottleneck.With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks, promenades and waterfronts.